Movie Podcast: The One Where We Get Kicked Out

On this week’s Editor’s Podcast, we talk about movies, covering everything from the new Star Wars trailer to the recent release of “True Story” (read our review of it here:…sm-crime-and)

Featuring @cooley_bdexter, @TheDavidAbides, @Leighannns, @kenworthycasey1, @vcroberts

Here’s the films we chat about:
- True Story
- Avengers: Age of Ultron
- Spectre (new James Bond Movie)
- Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens


Indiana’s First and Only Brew-on-Premise Business Opening

By Vince Roberts

IUPUI alumnus Jeremy Hough has made craft beer history by opening Indiana’s first and only brew-on-premise operation just south of Indianapolis.

Hough said what his business does is offer craft beer lovers who, “Don’t know what they’re doing and don’t have the equipment and basically, walk them through the steps and help them come out with a product that’s pretty good.”

Brew-By-U is the company’s name and it is located just south of County Line Road on State Road 135 in Greenwood. The shop officially opened just after Christmas last year. Hough said business was slow at the start but has begun to pick up due to promotions such as Groupons. 

What makes the store unique besides the fact that it’s the only one in the state, is that it gives customers the opportunity to brew their own craft beer using Brew-By-U’s equipment and resources. Self-brewing at home is possible but can get expensive because of the cost. 

Hough got the idea for Brew-By-U after attending a Wine and Canvas event. “I’ve been a home brewer and I’ve always wanted to do my own business,” he said. After attending the event he had the idea that someone should do this with beer. 

One of the hardest parts of running the business, Hough said, is running it around a full-time job. “I can’t let it affect my day job,” he said. Hough is a director of business operations at Franciscan Physician Network and runs Brew-By-U in his spare time — which means lunch breaks, after work and on the weekends. He explained his dedication: “Any business, if you’re going to be successful, you have to be passionate about it. You can’t really go into it half-hearted or it’s just not going to work.”

Hough earned his master’s degree in health administration from IUPUI in 1997 and his master’s degree in business administration in 2001. What he knows now is that despite having gotten the two master’s degrees, the MHA was a MBA with a medical twist — a thought to consider for IUPUI students who are considering either options. “What I learned in my MHA was almost identical to what I learned in my MBA,” he said.

Another selling poing of Brew-By-U’s business is that it is one of the only places around that sell self-brewing supplies to customers. Hough claimed that not many places around sell the equipment so he figured that could be another way to make money. Another characteristic quality of his business is that — of the handful of brew-on-premise shops around the country — Hough’s is the only one that has electric brewing kettles, which he installed himself.

Brewing supplies and ingredients are also offered on the shop’s website. Groupons have become a way for Hough to grow his business and he’s trying any way he can. He said that his business has become an activity for groups and there’s even been a bachelor party there.

Dennis Barbosa (@DennisBarbosa86) speaks with lawyer Karen Celestino-Horseman, City-County councilor Zach Adamson, and attendee Rhiannon Carlson about Indiana’s new RFRA law after panelists speak to attendees at IUPUI’s Taylor Hall, April 7. Some compared RFRA to the old sundown laws. Do you agree? Listen in to hear what was said.


Dennis Barbosa (@DennisBarbosa86) reports on the IUPUI Multicultural Center forum on RFRA. Hear from Rick Sutton, LGBT lobbyist, Alvaro Tori, physician in pediatric critical care at Riley Hospital and assistant dean for diversity affairs for IU School of Medicine, and Xiomara Martinez, IUPUI freshman attendee, after the forum in the Campus Center Theater on March 26. 


IUPUI’s Big Man On Campus 2015

Event to raise money for Breast Cancer Awareness.

By Leighann Strollo (@leighannns)

On April 10, IUPUI’s finest men will compete in a talent show for the attention and affection of Greek Life across campus. They’ll be the kings of the castle, the biggest men on campus.

Hosted by Zeta Tau Alpha, Lambda Epsilon Chapter, a sorority at IUPUI with philanthropic ties to breast cancer awareness and education, they have been avidly trying to raise money for IUPUI’s 3rd annual ‘Big Man on Campus,’ their biggest event of the year.

After raising almost $20,000 over the fist two years combined, the ladies of Zeta Tau Alpha are setting even higher goals, and hoping to reach them. ZTA is trying to spread the word of their talent show beyond Greek life, and getting everyone involved in what is sure to be a battle of the best.

Between the fun of candle and T-shirt sales, Twitter trends, and sponsorships, it’s almost easy to forget that 100% of the money raised for this fun event gets donated directly to ZTA’s national philanthropy of breast cancer education and awareness.

“This is extremely important to our colony because it allowed us to raise money for a magnificent cause,” Adam Thomas, Phi Gamma Delta’s BMOC contestant said.
For the past two years, this event has brought together the IUPUI community to share something special and create a bond over a good cause.

“The initial reason I did BMOC was, of course, because it’s a wonderful cause. But it was more an outlet to perform again. Last semester, my girlfriend’s aunt, who I am close with, was diagnosed with breast cancer and it became even more [than that]. Now I have motivation to raise even more money,” Thomas said.

“All in all, everyone that is participating are big men on campus because of the time and effort put toward none in eight, instead of one in eight,” he added, meaning that one in every eight women are diagnosed with breast cancer. While the talent show is fun, the cause is serious, and there is a cancer-free goal to be met.

While the Delta Sigma Phi men have been dominating in bringing home the crown year after year, IUPUI’s fraternities have sent six fantastic candidates to the floor to battle it out for the big title. With six of ZTA’s own coaches, these fraternity members will showcase their talents on the stage for all of IUPUI to see.

“If we win it gives us bragging rights,” Thomas joked, though the fraternities do take the honor very seriously.

The women of Zeta Tau Alpha have done a wonderful job contributing their hours of hard work to a great cause, not only with hosting and raising money, but coaching the contestants with their talents the whole way through.

“Being my second year as a BMOC coach, I’ve learned the development of fundraising techniques while collaborating with other great minds,” Jordan Welty, BMOC coach and member of Zeta Tau Alpha, said.

The six fraternity members will compete in a battle of their talents that range from singing to dancing to stand-up.

“You’re really there for your contestant from a moral standpoint, and you build a great bond with the other coaches and contestants,” Welty added.

“Seeing the effect raising money for breast cancer awareness has is one of the great things about it,” Welty, the coach of the Delta Sigma Phi contestant continued. “It’s all for a good cause, and that’s what’s important.”

This year’s Big Man On Campus event will take place on April 10, at 7:00 pm with an eight-dollar admission in the banquet hall of IUPUI’s Campus Center.

Episode 1 of the Campus Citizen Sports Podcast featuring Elizabeth Cotter (@ekcotter18), Antonio Gomez (@toneio_G), and David Schroeder (@thedavidabides). Directed by Leighann Strollo (@leighannns) and produced by Benjamin Cooley (@cooley_bdexter).

On this week’s episode, the cast covers…
- Oscar Robertson’s visit to IUPUI’s campus
- Chuck Pagano’s lame duck season
- The first NFL female referee
- Reggie Wayne making a possible comeback
- Signings for the Indianapolis Colts


Colleges’ unreliable crime statistics

Part 2 of a series on campus sexual assault

By Dennis Barbosa


Recent research shows many colleges underreport sexual assaults on campus even after paying heavy fines. 

A new study published by the American Psychological Association examined 31 universities and colleges for crime reports during audits by the U.S. Department of Education for federal law compliance. 

“The study shows that many universities continue to view rape and sexual assault as a public relations issue rather than a safety issue,” said researcher Corey Rayburn Yung, in a prepared statement. “They don’t want to be seen as a school with really high sexual assault numbers, and they don’t want to go out of their way to report that information to students or the media.” 

In analyzing the audits, Yung discovered the reported numbers of sexual assaults increased 44 percent on average from previously reported levels. 

Under federal law, universities and colleges can face fines of more than $35,000 per violation. Yung said the fines should be increased because they don’t discourage undercounting of sexual assaults.

The Clery Act requires colleges and universities participating in federal financial aid programs to keep and distribute campus crime statistics and security information. After audits, the number of sexual assaults in succeeding years dropped to their original levels. This supported the study’s hypothesis that “the ordinary practice of universities is to undercount incidents of sexual assault” and report more accurately while under investigation. 

Colleges, victims underreport 

The underreporting of crime by colleges, coupled with the underreporting of sexual assault by victims, allows thousands of crimes to go unreported. According to the 2007 Campus Sexual Assault Study, each year about 14 percent of college women are sexually assaulted and 3 percent forcibly raped, with 12 percent of the victims reporting to police (or 5 percent, according to an earlier study). 

The study differentiates between forcible rape and incapacitated rape, which involves drugs and alcohol. The 14 percent figure does not include attempted sexual assaults. 

A conservative estimate for IUPUI would put forcible rapes at 24 per year. IUPUI reported 12 forcible sex offenses and zero “nonforcible” sex offenses for 2011 to 2013. (From 2004 to 2014, average enrollment at IUPUI was about 29,000, with an average female population of 16,000.) Federal law defines “nonforcible” sex offense as statutory rape or incest. 

College crime reports are available on the U.S. Department of Education website, but there is a caveat: “The crime data reported by the institutions have not been subjected to independent verification by the U.S. Department of Education. Therefore, the department cannot vouch for the accuracy of the data reported here.” 

However, these statistical inaccuracies are not entirely because of college underreporting. Victims tend not to report sexual assault because they don’t always know if what happened was a crime. 

More than half of college women forcibly raped said they did not report because they lacked proof, feared retaliation or did not want their families to find out, according to a 2007 Medical University of South Carolina study. And even more victims of incapacitated rape said they didn’t know if a crime had been committed or if the incident was serious enough. 

Lack of verification for crime statistics 

In 2012, the U.S. Department of Education fined Delaware State University $55,000 for reporting inaccurate crime statistics and lacking documents to support its crime data for 2004 to 2007. 

Likewise, IUPUI may have published some statistical inaccuracies. 

The IUPUI Police Department published a summary of crime statistics dating back to 1973 on its website, along with a PDF of its latest annual safety report detailing crime statistics for 2011 to 2013.

 Summary statistics for 2011 to 2013 forcible sex offenses do not match the annual safety report. Forcible sex offense refers to rape, sodomy, sexual assault with an object, and fondling.

 IUPUI officer David Briggs said the website just needed to be updated. For example, at the bottom of the webpage an email is listed for Capt. Bob True. Briggs said that information is not accurate. True is now chief of police.

 When asked if the rest of the data in the summary were accurate, Briggs said, “Probably.”

 Most states don’t independently verify college crime statistics, and the U.S. Department of Education does not conduct regular audits. Out of 63 reviews, the department found 50 colleges had problems with their crime statistics.

 No alerts for near-campus crime

 Many colleges have failed to meet the most basic requirements of federal law for campus crime reporting.

 Other colleges like IUPUI do not issue alerts for crimes near campus, which is legal. But at a college where less than 8 percent of students live on campus, does it make sense not to?

 From 2011 to 2013, five forcible sex offenses, 11 robberies, 22 aggravated assaults, 17 burglaries and 46 motor vehicle thefts occurred on “noncampus” or “public property,” according to IUPUI’s annual safety report.

 “Noncampus” is defined as “certain noncampus buildings or property owned or controlled by the university,” and “public property” means “property on or immediately adjacent to the campus.”

 In 2011, two forcible sex offenses occurred, according to the report: one on Eskenazi Health property and the other at Park Place at City Center apartments.

 The following year another occurred at Park Place, with an arrest for battery. And in 2013, two forcible sex offenses were reported, one at Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center and the other in the 1300 block of West Michigan Street.

 “Because some incidents occur outside of IUPD’s territorial jurisdiction, it’s critical that IUPD-Indianapolis work with the investigating agency to ensure their investigation is not compromised,” said IUPUI spokeswoman Margie Smith-Simmons in a prepared statement. “IUPD-Indianapolis is currently working with a number of agencies to develop a process by which to notify students of off-campus crime.”

 Smith-Simmons said she could not offer any details for off-campus crime notifications because plans are still in early development.

 FERPA confusion

 Several colleges in Indiana do not interpret the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act correctly.

 FERPA protects the privacy of student educational records but often is cited as a reason for not releasing non-educational disciplinary records.

 In early February, Indiana State University acknowledged receipt of The Campus Citizen’s open records request. Indiana State’s general counsel said in an email that much of the information was protected by FERPA, but an official response would be issued after reviewing the request and “privacy-related issues.”

 Thus far, only Vincennes University has agreed to grant The Campus Citizen’s request for disciplinary records for violent crimes and nonforcible sex offenses, via open records laws. The university anticipated releasing a list of names, violations and disciplinary results for more than 100 incidents.

 The Campus Citizen submitted identical requests to Ball State, Indiana State, Purdue and Indiana universities, as well as the University of Southern Indiana. Purdue and IU may take longer to reply because they also are processing records requests for their regional campuses. All campuses acknowledged receipt of the open records requests in early February.

 When asked for comment on Part 1* of this series, Amber Monroe, director of the IU Office of Student Ethics, declined and said in an email that FERPA prohibited her response to such inquiries.

 In 1998, Congress amended FERPA so colleges and universities no longer could use it as an excuse to withhold information regarding the final results of a student’s disciplinary hearing for violent crimes and nonforcible sex offenses.

 “When it comes to sexual assault and rape, the norm for universities and colleges is to downplay the situation and the numbers,” researcher Yung said in a prepared statement. “The result is students at many universities continue to be attacked and victimized, and punishment isn’t meted out to the rapists and sexual assaulters.”


 *Part 1 included the results of a disciplinary hearing for a male student at Indiana University accused of forcibly groping a female freshman. The victim provided The Campus Citizen with a copy of the no-contact order issued against the accused. The documents provided the date of the complaint, university punishments and the accused’s full name, which The Campus Citizen chose not to publish because the person was not convicted of a crime.

Catching up with former IUPUI hoops star Michael Boles

By Rob Hunt

Most of the younger students at IUPUI have no idea who Michael Boles is or the important place he holds in IUPUI basketball history.

This soft-spoken, gentle giant graduated from Lapel High School in 1988 after starting all four years and averaging more than 20 points and 15 rebounds per game. He led the state of Indiana in rebounding at more than 17 per game. His stellar high school play resulted in scholarship offers from Eastern Carolina, Butler, Texas-San Antonio, Wisconsin and Indiana State. He ultimately chose Indiana State because, as a small town kid who wanted to be close to home as several of his high school classmates were headed to Terre Haute.

After playing sparingly for two years at Indiana State and enduring a coaching change, Boles decided on a change of scenery.

“There was a lot of turmoil,” Boles said. “There was a new coach and a different philosophy.” 

Photo via IUPUI Athletics Department

His arrival at IUPUI in 1991 coincided with the school’s transition from being an NAIA school to Division 2, not an easy time on the court. Bob Levell, the head coach at IUPUI at that time and current radio analyst, was more than happy to have Boles on his team.

“He certainly helped a lot as our schedule became more difficult,” Levell said. “We struggled those two years. It would have been much more difficult without a post player like him. I shudder to think how it would have been without him, to be honest.”

Boles, goes on to talk about the experience. “We played a lot of good teams,” he said. “We were competitive.”

Boles especially remembers playing against Illinois of the Big Ten, which had future NBA players Marcus Liberty and Kendall Gill.

“They beat us by 30,” he said. “And it probably could have been worse if they had wanted to.”

Boles, at 6’7”, was not just a big man, but also brought versatility to the court for the Metros, IUPUI’s former name.

“He was a mobile big man,” Levell said. “He ran the floor well. I thought he was a really good passer. He could recognize double-teams and take the ball to the hole. We probably didn’t get him the ball enough, to be honest. He was an absolute force inside for us.”

More importantly, Levell remembers Boles as a solid student, teammate and citizen.

“He worked hard and went to class,” Levell said. “One of the things we liked was that he was serious about getting his degree and doing the right things in the classroom. When we looked at his grades, we knew he was doing the right thing.

“His teammates liked him,” Levell continued. “He is just a great and personable young man. He’s a great kid. A fun guy to be around with a great sense of humor, and he’s as nice a guy as I’ve ever coached.”

Boles fondly remembers his time at IUPUI.

“I loved it,” he said. “The basketball team stayed off campus. I enjoyed my time there. I liked the atmosphere, being near downtown Indianapolis. There is a lot of stuff to do.”

Boles averaged 3.5 points and 7.7 rebounds per game as a junior. His numbers increased as a senior, averaging 12.8 points and 7.9 rebounds as a senior. It was also as a senior that he set a school record that still stands, pulling down 20 rebounds in a game in March of 1993.

Despite being a talented high school and college player, Boles didn’t consider playing professionally after graduating from IUPUI with a degree in physical education.

“I never gave it any thought,” he said. “I could have potentially gone overseas and played a little bit.”

Instead, after college, he tried to find a teaching job, but was unsuccessful.

“It was hard to find a teaching job at that time,” he said. “I put in a lot of applications and didn’t get a single interview. I worked at a factory for 10 years and have been with the post office ever since.”

Michael married his high school sweetheart, Michelle, in September of 1993 and they have two daughters, Breanna 15 and Brooklyn 8. They currently live in Frankton, Indiana. Michelle was also a three sport athlete in high school, having played basketball, volleyball and softball.

Breanna recently made headlines when she verbally agreed to play basketball at Indiana University while still in the eighth grade. She is now a freshman at Lapel High School. Boles remarked on the differences between college sports recruiting now when he was a high school star.

“A lot has changed in 25 years,” he said. “She (Breanna) got noticed early because I’ve had her playing AAU ball since fourth-grade. I didn’t start playing AAU ball until high school. If you go to an AAU game, there are 25-30 college coaches at every game. Her first scholarship offer came in 7th grade from Evansville. But she’s been an IU fan since she could walk, so when that offer came, that’s where she wanted to play.”

He has been successful on the court, in the classroom and in life. Regardless of what happens in the future, Michael Boles has a permanent place in IUPUI basketball history.

Celebrating the life of Herron School Alumnus Norman Bridwell

The man behind a childhood favorite, Clifford the Big Red Dog

By Kim Dunlap

Photo via Scholastic

In the Fall of 1945, Norman Bridwell walked into the John Herron School of Art for the first time. There was no way of knowing at the time that this was the beginning step in a long, illustrious journey. He had never heard of Clifford, or Emily Elizabeth. His future was uncertain and full of opportunity. Bridwell embraced it. Yet, attending Herron was a decision that almost didn’t happen for one of the university’s most famous alums.

Bridwell was born in Kokomo, Indiana on February 15, 1928. While growing up in that small town, Norman’s mind became full of big ideas. He knew early on in life that he wanted to be an artist.

“Other kids would be out hitting a ball around, and I’d be inside drawing on paper my father brought home from the factory,” he said.

He drew imaginary people and places on countless pieces of paper. He credited the quiet walks to and from school every day, saying these times to himself gave him inspiration. After he graduated from Kokomo High School in 1945, Bridwell was left with the question of what he wanted to do with his life. It took a mother’s nudge to point him in the right direction.

When Bridwell’s brother graduated high school, he knew he was going to be a lawyer. Bridwell, himself, on the other hand, didn’t have any idea what he was going to do. One day, his mother said he should try going to art school. Bridwell took her advice and enrolled at Herron in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Looking back on those college days, Bridwell said that going to Herron was an obvious choice for him.

“I could go there by bus and be home on the weekends,” he said, referring to the close distance between Indianapolis and his hometown of Kokomo.

Bridwell was a hard-working student at Herron, mainly concentrating on school projects. He made friends but didn’t belong to any campus clubs. After he graduated in 1949, Bridwell moved back to Kokomo, Indiana to find employment. He worked small jobs for an acquaintance of his, but the city ultimately offered no career for the struggling illustrator with a head full of ideas. 

“Being in Kokomo wasn’t a good decision. Other artists got jobs, and I was on the outside,” he said.

Around that same time, some of Bridwell’s friends were going to Cooper Union, an art school in NYC. According to his friends, the idea was simple.

“They said ‘come with us. You’re out of work here. You might as well be out of work in New York.’” Bridwell said.

NYC was a world away from everything he knew, but Norman also knew he had to take a leap of faith.

He studied at Cooper Union for two years before beginning his career as a commercial artist. During those first few years in New York, Bridwell did everything from wrapping presents at a Macy’s Department Store to working in a lettering studio. Eventually he found employment, freelancing and drawing cartoons for filmstrips. They were mostly for sales meetings and promotions, but he had found a way to earn money while also pursuing his passion of drawing. Bridwell’s work included Arrow Shirts, American Standard Plumbing and Maxwell House Coffee. The writers produced a script and the cartoonists drew humor into the situation. However, there was one major hurdle. Norman
had a difficult time convincing the salesmen that the cartoons were funny.

“They usually didn’t like the jokes,” he said. “I had a lot of fun trying to inject humor into a very dry script. It was good practice.”

As the years went by, Bridwell fell into a freelance routine. His personal life was also flourishing. In 1958, he married fellow artist, Norma Howard. Their first child, Emily Elizabeth, was born four years later. However, Bridwell’s professional life was in a struggle. Freelance work wasn’t providing well enough for his young, growing family. In 1962, Bridwell was running out of money.

One day, Norma Bridwell made a suggestion to her husband.

“My wife said ‘you always wanted to illustrate children’s books, why don’t you try that?’”

Norman created 10 sample paintings, shuffling them around to various publishing companies. He was universally rejected, and several even told him his artwork was no good. Anyone could have given up hope at that moment in time, but Bridwell remained persistent. The reward for that persistence came in the form of a big, red dog.

Susan Hirschman, an editor at one of New York City’s publishing companies, told Bridwell that if he wanted to create a children’s book, he had to write one himself because his illustrations were not strong enough on their own. 

“She pointed to a sample painting I did of a little girl sitting under the shade of a big bloodhound. She said maybe that was a story,” Bridwell said.

Hirschman had given Bridwell inspiration, and Clifford the Big Red Dog was about to take off.

Bridwell spent three days coming up with the illustrations and words for his first book idea. The book had two title characters, a little girl and her oversized canine companion. The little girl was named Emily Elizabeth, after Norman’s young daughter. The idea for the dog’s name was a bit more difficult.

“I started off calling him Tiny,” Bridwell said, in an interview for School Library Journal last February.

He later renamed the dog Clifford, and the pair finally became alive. After he was finished, his wife molded the pages together in the form of a book. Norman took his completed story into a publishing house.

“I didn’t expect to hear anything,” he said. “But two weeks later a phone call came from Scholastic saying they wanted to publish it.”

He was shocked. The man who met rejection so many times finally had his story.

Clifford the Big Red Dog was published in 1963. Throughout the next 50 years, Bridwell wrote countless books about Clifford. He admits that he really has no idea why children have related so well to his characters.

“I didn’t do any planning,’” Bridwell said. “I don’t know anything about child
psychology and have never taken a course in writing. I just sort of thought things up and luckily have found things that children enjoyed.”

Clifford turned 50-years-old in September 2012, and there was a party in his honor in New York City, NY. Bridwell, his wife, and their daughter attended the event. In attendance were four of his ex-editors, as well as Hirschman. Norman enjoyed the company.

It’s in one of those editors that he found some of his best advice. Beatrice de Regniers was Norman’s first editor at Scholastic.

“She said write from the heart,” Bridwell said. “Don’t try to follow a trend.”

He did just that. There were other stories in Bridwell’s collection. There was a friendly witch who lived next door to a pair of young children and even a tiny family who battled life’s biggest obstacles. However, it always came back to that big, red dog and his faithful companion, Emily Elizabeth. 

And through it all, standing steadfastly at Bridwell’s side, was Norma. In their later years, the couple lived on Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts. It was a place they honeymooned at several years before. Their children, Emily Elizabeth and Tim, grew up there while their grandchildren visited them. It was also where, on December 12, 2014, Norman Bridwell died at 86. This summer, a public memorial will be held to commemorate his life.

Scholastic, Bridwell’s publisher for more than 50 years, released a statement shortly after his death.

“At Scholastic, we are deeply saddened by the loss of our loyal and talented friend, whose drawings and stories have inspired all of us and generations of children and their parents.”

Norman Bridwell left quite a legacy. Some might even say it was just as large as the red dog that made him famous. Of course Norman would probably have said it was all sheer luck.

“I can’t do anything else,” he said in 2013. “I can’t nail two boards together. I can’t repair a car. I have no other skills. I just have to do what I do. I’ve been very fortunate that so far I’ve gotten away with it.”

Editors’s Note: In September 2013, Kim Dunlap interviewed Norman Bridwell. Many people may be unaware of this name, but his creations are very recognizable. From elementaryclassrooms to the children’s sections of America’s libraries, Bridwell’s work iseverywhere. 

Colleges not equipped to punish sex offenses

Part 1 of a series on campus sexual assault

By Dennis Barbosa

The freshman was undressing in her dorm to take a shower, and the man who had been forcibly biting and groping her in the hallways was hiding in her room. 

When parents see their kids off to college, they have in mind four years that will be the most memorable of their lives, not this voyeuristic scene. 

Federal Law Title IX requires post-secondary institutions to investigate all reports of sexual misconduct involving a student, but there is no federal law obligating the schools to share their investigations with the campus police and vice versa. 

Increasingly, many colleges are acting as judge and jury without any police investigation. 

Illustration by Dylan Lee Hodges

In some cases where rape has not occurred, but a student feels unsafe amid sexual advances or unwanted bodily contact, a school may take disciplinary action such as relocating the student to adifferent dorm, issuing a no-contact order, or ordering a suspension or expulsion. 

Susan was one such student (not her real name). 

In fall 2012, Susan had only been at Indiana University two weeks her freshman year when she experienced unwanted sexual advances. She worked at a food court across the street from her residence center. She said she often worked late, returning to her room through empty hallways. 

In the residence center, “because people are constantly smoking and drinking and whatever, music going, we always had our doors shut,” Susan said. “Every single door shut, because RAs (resident assistants) are walking around.”

Empty hallways for Susan meant no witnesses when the man across the hall grabbed hold of her before she could enter her room — spanking her buttocks, groping her breasts and biting her neck. 

Susan said she was afraid to report him at first, because she had seen him act violently when he was drunk and considered him to be an angry person. If he could get away with holding her down in the hallway with no one noticing, what could happen if he became angry? 

This happened just about every night, she said, and she tried her best to tolerate it. 

But her best didn’t prepare her for what happened next. 

The man who grabbed her every night sneaked into her room while Susan was undressing, she said. 

Susan’s roommate said she remembered hanging out in her room with several people from the same floor, including a friend the two had known since high school and his roommate, whom we will call Joe (not his real name). 

When Susan got home from work, everyone left the room so Susan could take a shower. Her roommate said she told Susan something about Joe made her feel uncomfortable, and they should stop letting him hang out in their room. 

It wasn’t until she was naked that she noticed Joe hiding in her room — watching. 

“I just freaked. I just lost it,” Susan said. “I yelled, ‘What the f—k, [Joe]?’” 

It was this incident more than two years ago, that pushed Susan to tell someone everything. 

Susan reported Joe to an RA. The IU Office of Student Ethics responded to her complaint by moving Joe to a residence center on the opposite end of campus, suspending him for two semesters and issuing a no-contact, no-trespass order, according to university documents. 

The university’s judicial conference found Joe responsible for violating the IU Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities and Conduct: “Sexual contact with another person without consent, including while any party involved is in an impaired state.” 

In addition, Joe needed to complete alcohol treatment and sexual assault counseling before returning after the suspension. 

Because of the no-contact order, Susan thought she had seen the last of him. 

‘No-contact orders are useless’ 

At IUPUI, as well as IU, a no-contact order is one of many disciplinary actions the university may choose to use. 

Communication between the two students is prohibited and can result in more punishment if violated. 

“A no-contact order with the university can help a student feel more comfortable and safer on campus,” said Maria Hinton, assistant director of IUPUI Office of Student Conduct, in a prepared statement. “While it cannot be enforced by police, it is enforceable by the Office of Student Conduct. There can be significant consequences with the institution for failure to comply with a no-contact order, including suspension or expulsion.” 

Susan said she did not feel safe when Joe showed up around her workplace a year later. She alerted her manager, who called campus police, but by the time they showed up he was long gone. Then, to her horror, they told her they could do nothing. 

She needed a protective order. 

But it was too late for that. Susan didn’t know Joe’s address, a prerequisite for petitioning the local judge for a protective order. 

In Marion County, for example, one must go to Marion Superior Criminal Court 21 in the basement of the City-County Building and fill out a protective order petition with the full name, address and date of birth of the offending person. If the request is filed in the morning, one can reasonably expect to know by the end of the day if the civil order was granted. 

A protective order has legal consequences that can result in an arrest if violated by the offender, which was precisely what Susan thought she had. 

“Anyone who really understands what a no-contact order does, must wonder why they exist at all,” said Adam Goldstein, attorney advocate for the Student Press Law Center. “The existence of these orders prevents people from getting proper restraining orders, because they don’t see the distinction.” 

However, one benefit of no-contact orders is that they can be issued immediately, whereas petitioning for a protective order can take all day. 

Most people in general don’t know the difference between a campus no-contact order and the civil protective order, said Sareen Dale, sexual assault prevention specialist at IUPUI Counseling and Psychological Services. 

“I usually encourage people to do both,” she said. “The number one reason people don’t initially report is that they’re not sure right away what happened rises to the level of a crime.” 

Disciplinary boards caught between education and criminal justice 

During a collaborative investigation, the Student Press Law Center and The Columbus Dispatch asked 110 colleges across the country, including Indiana, to provide disciplinary records for cases involving violent crimes. Only 25 responded. 

Often colleges will cite the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act as a reason for not disclosing disciplinary records, but FERPA covers only educational records. Disciplinary records involving violent acts have been considered non-academic for more than 15 years. 

The IU Office of Student Ethics director declined to comment on this story citing FERPA. 

Of those colleges that provided records, students were found responsible for violence in 1,970 cases since 2010. In 158 sexual-assault cases, seven students faced criminal charges.

Traditionally, disciplinary systems of colleges have been used to punish cheating and plagiarism, but increasingly these institutions are making decisions about non-academic violations that can potentially endanger the entire community. 

Editor’s Note: The Campus Citizen will be conducting an investigative series this semester on how colleges across the state deal with sexual assault. 

Students can report a sexual assault to campus police at 317-274-7911 or by dialing 911. The IUPUI Office of Student Conduct also accepts online submissions of sexual offense reports.